The Different Types of Horse Jump Walls

Pets & Animals

Whether you are just starting in equine jumping or have been a professional rider for many years, it’s good to know the different types of horse jump walls. This will give you a better idea of what will work best for you and your horse and what is best suited for your jumping facility.

Brush Fences

Usually a six-foot fence, a brush fence has a solid base and several feet of brush protruding from the top. The brush gives the fence a higher profile and provides extra height for the horse.

Brush fences are used at shows and in cross-country events. They are also used in derby classes. Depending on the course, the obstacle can vary in height.

The most common type of fence is the vertical horse jump. This obstacle is made of poles or planks set directly above one another. The height and width of the obstacle affect the horse’s landing distance.

Another type of jump is the oxer or spread. This type of jump includes different height and width poles positioned to test the horse’s ability to judge the width of the obstacle.

Log Fences

Among the most popular and most challenging horse jumping obstacles are those made out of logs. These log fences can either be portable or fixed in place.

The most common type of horse jump with logs is the vertical fence. This type of fence comprises poles or planks placed vertically above one another. They are usually painted to disguise the brush underneath.

Another type of jump is the coffin obstacle. The name comes from the ditch in the center. This obstacle has two major components: a rail and a log. The tiger trap is a similar type of jump, but it has ditches and rails on either side.

Horse Jump Walls


Generally, the rails-ditch rails on horse jump walls are not made of stone but are lightweight foam bricks. They are usually used in combination with other fences. Depending on the level of competition, these combinations can be highly complicated.

A Crossrail is a jump made up of two crossed rails. It is used to help new jumpers stay straight. It also helps schooling horses. Typically, it is used to warm up a horse before a more extensive course.

A vertical fence comprises poles or planks placed directly above one another. It may have no ground line or spread. These fences are the most difficult to jump. They require extra power to clear.

Weldon’s Wall

In West Tennessee, Weldon’s Wall is one of the most iconic landmarks in the region. It has recently been made more substantial with the addition of a brush.

It’s a ditch on one side and a wall on the other. This is not the first time it’s been done, but it’s the first time it’s been done with any aplomb. It’s also one of the most famous jumps in the area, largely thanks to the region’s storied horse industry.

It’s no secret that cross country is one of the most exciting sports to watch. The best part is that it’s also one of the least expensive to enter.

Trakehner Jumps

Originally used to drain wetlands, a Trakehner fence combines rails or logs piled over a ditch. The height of the fence may significantly impact the distance a horse takes off.

The first type of Trakehner is the novice. It is a moderately-sized rail or logs placed over a ditch. In higher levels of competition, the ditch can be as comprehensive as 11 feet.

The oxer or spread tests your horse’s ability to gauge width. These fences usually consist of two poles set at different heights.

Another type is the coffin obstacle. It has a ditch in the middle. The horse may or may not have to touch the ditch between obstacles. This type of fence usually has a rail at an angle, making it “spookier” than the average.

Crossrail Jumps

Using Crossrail jumps on horse jump walls is one of the most popular ways to train young horses. It is aesthetically pleasing to watch and provides a challenge to the horse. It is also commonly used for warm-up exercises.

Crossrails are good fences with two poles crossed in the center. The poles are at a height that encourages the horse to jump in the center of the jump. They can be used as the first element in a spread or as a single obstacle.

Triple bars are another type of vertical jump. They are typically used in show jumping courses. They can also be used in combination with other fences. They are more comprehensive than oxers and require the horse to jump at a faster pace than with an oxer.